Six Laws of Perception:
The figures above illustrates the Gestalt theory of Proximity. The bowl of fruit is seen as a bowl of fruit-one whole item whereas if the fruit were placed separately on the table one would see them as individual fruits. The for gemstones are placed close together at the points..this gives the image of a butterfly with its wings spread. If the gemstones had been placed at intervals around the ring it would not look like a butterfly.
Objects similar to each other tend to be seen as a whole..This is a picture of a thousand cups quarter-full of something put together..but when you look at it you don't instantly think "cups". Your mind tries to come up with something to call the picture..Things like sea, columns came to my mind.
The pendant above shows several silver 'columns' placed together on to a gold circle. The pendant looks like a flower a daisy to be specific because of the similarity of the "columns" in shape. They look like petals.
3. Figure and Ground:
The tree is the figure and the sunset,clouds etc is the ground.